By Bobbo Nfor Tansi
Cameroon has mammoth renewable strength source potentials, with a hydropower capability of approximately fifty five, 200MW, moment in basic terms to the Democratic Republic of Congo in Africa. thus far, its power wishes are met by means of 4.8% hydropower (which money owed for under five% of its overall hydropower potential), zero% wind and zero% sun. Cameroons' power area nonetheless is going via inadequate electricity construction, particularly in the course of the middle of the dry season, which runs from December via March. Coincidentally, the wind and solar energy potentials for Cameroon are at their height in the course of those months and will comfortably complement for the shortfalls in iteration in the course of those periods.
In this learn, technical analyses have been performed to figure out the wind and solar power source potentials for Cameroon utilizing the RETScreen software program instrument supplied by means of CANMET Canada.
These research published that the northern areas of Cameroon had larger wind and sunlight source potentials than the other position in Cameroon. A 2MW put in wind strength potential will be able to producing good over 1.5GWh electricity according to 12 months, whereas a 2KW put in solar power potential might be in a position to producing good over 3MWh electricity in line with 12 months. within the ultimate sections, monetary research have been conducted to figure out the commercial viability of such initiatives and the chance for self-financing. Emission analyses have been additionally performed in line with the power for such initiatives to offset greenhouse fuel emissions and confirm sustainability within the power sector.
The research for Maroua printed that 78.6tCO2/yr for wind and 0.1tCO2/yr for sunlight will be lowered through these installations.
Finally, the law and criminal frameworks governing the strength area in Cameroon have been dissected to figure out attainable weaknesses and constraints restricting the use, advertising and improvement of the complete power of Cameroon's renewable strength resources.
Bobbo Nfor Tansi, used to be born in 1982 in Nkambe - Cameroon. After highschool, he studied Geology and Environmental technological know-how on the college of Buea Cameroon and later moved to Cottbus Germany the place he did his M.Sc. in Environmental and source administration. in the course of his M.Sc. software, he got interested within the power box specially renewable strength. involved over the susceptible economic system and negative state-of-the-art of power, he has lengthy been engaged in researches to advertise the use and improvement of renewable strength for a sustainable destiny specially in Cameroon and Africa. An aspiring PhD scholar, he at present is living in Berlin Germany.
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Extra info for An Assessment of Cameroons Wind and Solar Energy Potential: A Guide for a Sustainable Economic Development
Based on this result, a calculated 2,552 of such wind plants would be required to generate 3,490GWh energy for Cameroon in this location, operating under the same circumstances. 44 Adamawa – Ngaoundéré From the meteorological data for Ngaoundéré given in Table 4-4 above, it can be realized that the further down south, the lower the wind speeds become and hence the lower the potential for wind energy in these regions. 0m/s. The software further assessed that this wind plant would generate 876MWh electricity per year, which is approximately equal to half the value that a similar wind plant would generate in Maroua, operating under the same circumstances.
Table 4-7: Site reference and climate data for Yaoundé. 7 Littoral Region - Douala The city of Douala is the commercial and economic capital of Cameroon and is the largest city of the nation. It is situated on the southeastern shore of the Wouri river estuary, on the Atlantic coast about 210km west of Yaoundé (Britannica, 2009). Douala has a richly diverse population that represents more than 130 ethnic groups (IVC, 2009). The city has the largest port in West Africa and is served by an international airport.
The selection was dependent on the availability of meteorological data for the region/location from NASA through the RETScreen software. The town is located in Manyu, in the South West region of Cameroon. 88°E longitude. 83% annual growth rate (World Gazetter, 2009). 8m/s. The humidity of the area is relatively high above 60%. Solar radiation in the area is in the range between 3 and 6kWh/m²/d. Site Reference and Climate Data: The following data for Fontem were obtained from NASA, through the RETScreen software tool.