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Download Adolescent Health: The Role of Individual Differences by Patrick Heaven PDF

By Patrick Heaven

Adolescence is without doubt one of the so much turbulent but interesting stages in lifestyles. elevated autonomy brings with it new wellbeing and fitness dangers starting from medications and sexually transmitted ailment, to consuming issues and suicidal melancholy. although todays children are extra excited about and trained approximately their future health than any prior iteration, they nonetheless have interaction in dicy behaviour.

Adolescent Health explores how person adjustments give a contribution to future health and disease throughout quite a lot of cultures and socio-economic backgrounds. Patrick Heaven blends the most recent learn findings from quite a number resources with sensible feedback on the way to enhance well-being care providers for young people. Adolescent Health will end up priceless to pros operating with kids, social technological know-how scholars and parents.

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Additional resources for Adolescent Health: The Role of Individual Differences

Sample text

This is done by changing the way behaviours are rewarded. These radical behaviourists make use of the principles of classical and operant conditioning. g. Hergenhahn 1988; Liebert and Spiegler 1990; Muuss 1988). In brief, behaviourists contend that one quickly acquires or learns behaviours that are rewarded, while punishment leads to an extinction of behaviour. It was Pavlov (1849–1936) who first noticed that dogs salivate in anticipation of being fed. This led him to conduct several experiments on what he referred to as the conditioning response.

These are positive or negative evaluation of actually performing the behaviour, and subjective norms that reflect the individual’s perceptions of social pressure. These components are not always equally important in explaining behaviour. Rather, it would seem that their importance varies depending on the behaviour in question and the population under study (Terry et al. 1993a). Attitudes are predicted by beliefs about the consequences of engaging in the behaviour and one’s evaluation of those consequences.

Health education campaigns therefore need to take these factors into account when directing ‘safe-driving’ messages at young drivers. In particular, they need to stress the hazards of driving under the influence of alcohol, non-use of seat belts, as well as the risks of night driving. In addition to advertising, some governments (particularly in the United States) have raised the licensing age and introduced other legislation with respect to teenage driving. Many of these changes have dramatically reduced the accident rate (Slap, 1991).

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