By Mel Thompson
The 3rd version of moral thought has been up to date in keeping with the revised a degree specification specifications. It offers a necessary history to moral concerns via giving an overview of significant moral theories and the way those can be utilized to various modern ethical concerns. the recent version combines the entire strengths of the second one version with a brand new layout and contours to make the content material extra available to all scholars for you to enhance their realizing of the subject. New positive factors comprise: - Key questions through the chapters to assist scholars specialize in the main concerns - key phrases outlined and defined through the chapters - Profiles of key participants - their contribution and importance - extra precis diagrams all through to help revision - images and illustrations - Revision checklists on the finish of chapters - New exam-style questions and suggestions on the finish of every bankruptcy.
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This is important scientifically, since as our knowledge of human behaviour and particularly brain activity increases it may be possible to predict the response to a situation with great accuracy, even if the subject thought he or she was free – which can lead us into the realm of determinism and reductionism. That would clearly endorse rather than diminish the significance of moral choices, and it is termed libertarianism. But there is one important point that needs to be established here before we can go on to make any sense of ethics: Even if determinism and reductionism are true, they are irrelevant to the process of moral decision-making.
The purpose of something, or some other feature of human life. Examples of this include the work of Aristotle (see Chapter 6), and the Natural Law approach (see Chapter 7). Ethical non-naturalism: the view that goodness is not inherent in the world, but is a term we use to describe an object or action. Hence ethical statements cannot be reduced to non-ethical ones. Thus, for example, a religious person might say that ‘good’ is whatever God commands. A useful distinction is made between deontological and teleological approaches.
33 Examples of essay questions 1. The more we know another person, the better we can predict how he or she will react in any given situation. Does such knowledge suggest that, if everything were known about a person, his or her experience of freedom would be an illusion? AO1 here would require a knowledge of the principles of cause and effect, argued either on the basis of induction (as Hume) or imposed by the mind (as Kant). Higher level AO1 might show some awareness of the difference between observed freedom and the experience of freedom.