By Barbara Belyea
Anthony Henday, a tender Hudson’s Bay corporation worker, set out from York manufacturing unit in June 1754 to wintry weather with “trading Indians” alongside the Saskatchewan River. He tailored willingly and simply to their lifestyle; he additionally saved a magazine during which he defined the plains quarter and took notice of rival French investors’ good fortune at their inland posts. a replica of Henday’s magazine was once instantly despatched to the corporate administrators in London. They rewarded Henday handsomely even though they have been doubtful the place he had travelled, what teams he had met at the plains, and what good fortune he had in opposing rival French investors. on the grounds that then, uncertainty approximately Henday’s yr inland has elevated. the unique magazine disappeared; simply 4 copies, relationship from 1755 to approximately 1782, are extant. each one textual content differs from the opposite 3; the diversities diversity from variation spellings to note option to contradictory statements on important questions. All 4 copies are the paintings of an organization clerk, later issue, named Andrew Graham, who used them to help his personal perspectives on HBC buying and selling regulations. Twentieth-century students have dependent their claims for Henday’s significance as an explorer, dealer and observer of local cultures on a poorly edited transcript of the 1782 textual content. they've been unaware or careless of the journal’s textual ambiguity. A 12 months Inland provides all 4 copies for the 1st time, including contextual notes and a observation that reassesses the journal’s info on plains geography, humans and exchange.
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Additional resources for A Year Inland: The Journal of a Hudson’s Bay Company Winterer
The land looks very barren. We have neither seen Fish nor Fowl yet, so We are scarce of provisions. 239/a/40 July ye 3d Wednesday fine weather wind att So took my Departure from tickamegg Reach and steered up ye other Branch or River NWt 12 miles, past 16 falls, where we was obliged to Carry our Canoes over them, there being nothing but Large Rocks, we past also 30 Islands on one of them grows small willows, pine & Birch, the banks on both sides are Low, on which grows Small pine trees and Brush, this day saw severall Craw fish,* and killed one Duck.
Wind South and pleasant weather. Took my departure from Tickomeg Reach, and paddled up a branch of Steel River 12 Miles NW. passed much Shoal Water with rocky ground; obliged to carry our Canoes over it. Passed thirty Islands; on one of them grows a few Birch trees. The banks of the River is low on which grows Small pines. Saw several Craw-fish, and killed a Duck. 239/a/40 ye 4 Thursday fine weather wind at SWt, took my departure from Crawfish fall, and Steered Wt 22 M, falls much the same as the day before, the Inds killed 3 Beaver, here being plenty of their Houses.
Thursday Wind NW. and moderate weather; Left Craw-fish Fall, and paddled 22 miles West. Falls and Islands much the same as Yesterday. Indians killed three Beaver: here are plenty of their houses. 239/a/40 ye 5 Friday fine weather, wind WtNWt took my Departure from Cockel shell fall, and steered WSWt and WbSo 25 M.