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By Francis M. Carroll

In this unique and engaging booklet, Francis Carroll tells the tale of the makes an attempt to settle the unique boundary among Canada and the us from the Atlantic coast to the center of the continent.

Established via the Treaty of Paris in 1783, it quickly grew to become transparent that ambiguities and error within the treaty introduced confusion and contention within the boundary borderland from New Brunswick and Maine to the St. Lawrence River, in the course of the nice Lakes and from Lake improved to Lake of the Woods, within the middle of the continent. This borderland, gradually filling with humans of competing pursuits - Loyalists and Yankees, fur investors and infantrymen, Europeans and primary countries peoples - turned the point of interest of the foremost trouble in Anglo-Canadian-American family members for nearly sixty years.

Drawing on wide examine and using manuscript fabrics by no means delivered to undergo at the topic ahead of, the quest for Boundary is the 1st paintings to completely clarify the efforts of the various Boundary Commissions and the failed arbitration of the King of Netherlands - all significant overseas makes an attempt to settle the boundary. The publication additionally offers a clean interpretation of the relevance the turbulent decade of the 1830s had in contributing to the experience of urgency that at last allowed for negotiation of an inexpensive compromise cost of the boundary within the Webster-Ashburton Treaty of 1842 -- "A reliable and clever measure," as Lord Ashburton known as it. full of the politics and intrigues of the time, Carroll brings to lifestyles a extraordinary time within the diplomatic and political background of either Canada and the United States.

Winner of the Dafoe publication Prize, presented via the J.W. Dafoe Foundation

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Extra resources for A Good and Wise Measure: The Search for the Canadian-American Boundary, 1783-1842

Sample text

43 The British were represented by three negotiators. Vice-Admiral Lord Gambier served as chairman of the delegation and represented both naval interests and British military might at the talks. 44 The key political figure in the British delegation was Henry Goulburn, a member of Parliament and undersecretary for war and colonies, and as such he was to look after military and Canadian affairs for the British. Only thirty-one years old, Goulburn was a promising politician. 46 Lord Castlereagh, the foreign secretary, passed through Ghent in August to confer with the three-man delegation while on his way to Austria, but he and many of the officials of the Foreign Office were preoccupied with the affairs of Europe at the Congress of Vienna.

This book deals with the twenty-eight-year struggle that emerged from the Treaty of Ghent, as the British and the Americans, with increasing input from colonial authorities in British North America, sought to determine the boundaries. Part I (chapters 2-6) examines the work of Introduction: Working out a Method, 1783-1814 31 four boundary commissions that emerged from articles 4—7 of the Treaty of Ghent. Chapter 2 looks at the commission implementing article 4, which dealt with the islands in Passamaquoddy Bay.

S. Senate, after considerable debate, to ratify the King-Hawkesbury convention with a reservation effectively nullifying the fifth article dealing with the northwest boundary. 33 These same issues arose again in fresh talks in 1806 and 1807 led by James Monroe and William Pinckney. The Passamaquoddy Bay border was run southeast from the mouth of the St Croix River, west of Deer Island, through the narrow channel west of Campobello Island and out into the Bay of Fundy. Campobello Island was to remain British, but the United States was to be granted access to the more navigable waters between it and Deer Island.

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